HIGH SPEED TELEGRAPHY
A1. These rules are to be used for the organisation and holding of IARU World and European High Speed Telegraphy Championships in IARU Region 1.
A2. To ensure consistency in the standards applied to HST competitions, it is recommended that these rules, suitably adapted, be used for the organisation and holding of national championships and competitions arranged by IARU member-societies; and that they also be used for HST Continental or World Championships organised and held by the other IARU Regions.
B1. Preliminary Arrangements
B1.1. The High Speed Telegraphy Working Group (HST WG) of the Region holding the Championships shall send letters to member societies which it considers are able to organise and run the Championships. The letters will enquire of each society if it is willing to serve as Organising Society for the Championships. These letters must be sent not later than 31st March in the year proceeding the year in which the Championships are to take place. Each letter will request a reply within THREE MONTHS of it being received. If no reply is received within that period, the HST WG will assume a negative response.
B1.2. On receiving a positive response from one or more societies, the HST WG will nominate one society to organise the Championships (hereafter referred to as the Organising Society).
The HST WG will then request the Secretary of the IARU Region concerned to take the following action:
a) Invite the nominated society to apply to the Regional Secretary to be officially appointed as Organising Society for the forthcoming HST Championships. The application should be submitted within a period of two months.
b) On receipt of the application, publish a notice in the next issue of the IARU Regional Bulletin notifying the venue and dates of the HST Championships.
c) In the case of IARU HST World Championships, the note mentioned above it is requested to be published in the Bulletins of IARU Regions 1, 2 and 3. The IARU International Secretariat is also requested to notify.
B1.3. The IARU HST Championships shall take place in the year following this preliminary preparation period.
B2. Participation, Finance and Organisation
B2.1. A national team participating in IARU HST Championships may consist of any number up to a maximum of SIXTEEN COMPETITORS in the following eight categories. The teams shall comprise:
"A" Not more than TWO "JUNIOR FEMALES" (female contestants who are
20 years of age or less on 1st January in the year the
Championships take place);
"B" Not more than TWO "JUNIOR MALES" (male contestants who are 20
years of age or less on 1st January in the year the Championships
"C" Not more than TWO "FEMALES" (female contestants who are over
20 years of age on 1st January in the year the Championships take
"D" Not more than TWO "MALES" (male contestants who are over 20
years of age on 1st January in the year the Championships take
"E" Not more than TWO "SENIOR FEMALES", (female contestants
who are 40 years of age, or over, on 1st January in the year the
Championships take place).
"F" Not more than TWO "SENIOR MALES", (male contestants who
are 45 years of age, or over, on 1st January in the year the
Championships take place);
"G" Not more than TWO "YOUNGSTER FEMALES", (female contestants
who are 16 years of age or less on 1st January in the year the Championships
"H" Not more than TWO "YOUNGSTER MALES", (male contestants who
are 16 years of age or less on 1st January in the year the Championships
In individual tests from one team only one competitor per category, who having the best score in the given test, will be listed officially, but regarding the total results (sum of three different tests) both participants shall be listed officially.
Each team shall have a designated TEAM LEADER who, if also a competitor, shall be at least 18 years of age. A TRAINER, an INTERPRETER, an INTERNATIONAL CLASS REFEREE and/or other jury member (to serve as a member of the International Jury) may also accompany each team. Any competitor of a team from A, E or B, F or G, H categories may compete in C or D categories if the team has not enough competitors in those categories.
B2.2. All contestants must be licensed radio amateurs but for A, B, G and H categories it is allowed to be only licensed SWL's (or SWL members of their national societies). Appropriate licence or membership documentation, together with a personal identification document showing the competitor’s date of birth, must be submitted to the Championship Secretariat upon arrival at the contest venue.
B2.3. For training and promotional purposes, the Organising Society may field one additional team. This team may participate unofficially in the Championships, but neither competitors nor team will be listed in the official results.
B2.4. The Organising Society shall send invitations to participate in the Championships to IARU member-societies, and to the IARU International Secretariat for information. In the case of WORLD HST Championships, the invitations shall be sent to the Secretaries of IARU Regions 1, 2, and 3, for onward transmission the Societies within their Regions. These invitations shall be sent not later than EIGHT MONTHS prior to the commencement of the Championships. The invitations should inform the Societies that if they do not intend to send a national team to the Championships, then may invite individuals to take part in the Championships (max 2 persons/category).
B2.5. Societies which intend to send a national team to participate in the Championships shall send a letter of intent to the Organising Society not later than SIX MONTHS prior to the commencement of the Championships. This letter shall indicate the number of participants (up to 16) and others who will be attending the event. No other information is required at this time.
B2.6. The Organising Society shall send, not later than THREE MONTHS prior to the commencement of the Championships, the following:
TO PARTICIPATING SOCIETIES
a) The full programme of the Championships, including a timetable and the location of all events;
b) Information about local travel facilities, e.g., how to reach the hotel(s) from the nearest airport, railway station, etc;
c) General information about hotels (accommodation and board) near the Championships, with at least one specific example, including costs.
d) Details of the types of headphones to be used during the Championships.
e) Any other important information deemed necessary.
f) Formal Application Forms for completion by Participating Societies. These forms shall contain all relevant information apart from the names of the participants, and shall be returned to the Organising Society not later than TWO MONTHS prior to the commencement of the Championships.
TO INTERNATIONAL CLASS REFEREES selected as defined in Rule B3.2:
h) Invitations to serve on the International Jury for the HST Championships.
B2.7. Participating Societies shall submit the names of all participants, with their callsigns or SWL Numbers, to the Secretariat of the Championships in written form (i.e., by letter, fax, or other available means), not later than TWENTY FOUR HOURS before the first meeting of the International Jury at the Championships.
B2.8. Participating Societies shall meet the expenses of their teams participating in the Championships as follows: the cost of travel to and from the place of the Championships; and the cost of accommodation and board during the period of the Championships.
B2.9. The Organising Society shall meet the Administrative and Technical expenses arising from the Championships.
B2.10. The expenses of the Chairman of the International Jury, i.e., the cost of travel to and from the place of the Championships; and the cost of accommodation and board during the period of the Championships, shall be met by the IARU Regional Organization.
The cost of accommodation and board of the "Senior Jury" (International Class Referees) shall be met by the Organising Society and their travel costs shall be met by their own National Societies.
B2.11. It is recommended that IARU HST Championships take place at intervals not exceeding two years. If contestants take part from at least three continents or two Regions the Championships shall be designated World Championships. If contestants take part from one continent, and provided there are contestants from at least five countries, the Championships shall be designated Continental Championships (European ... etc as appropriate).
B2.12. For a winning competitor to qualify in a category or test as an IARU HST World or Continental Champion, there must be at least three competitors participating in the event.
Competitors in the Junior Male and Female, and Senior Male and Female categories may compete in the Male and Female categories if there are less than three contestants in their own category. For counting team scores, however, the scores of such contestants will be allocated to their original category, i.e., Junior or Senior.
B2.13. If necessary, an IARU representative may visit the Organising Society to coordinate preparations.
B3. International Jury
B3.1. The International Jury for IARU HST Championships shall consist of the following members:
a) Chairman of the Jury;
b) Secretary of the Jury;
c) Technical Referee;
d) HST International Class Referees (Senior Jury) and other Jury Members
B3.2. The Chairman of the Jury shall be a member of the IARU Regional Executive Committee, or an HST International Class Referee appointed by the Executive Committee. The Secretary of the Jury and the Technical Referee shall both be provided by the Organising Society, and neither need be International Class Referees. Six persons from International Class Referees shall be selected by the HST WG six months prior to the commencement of the Championships. The six referees will form two groups of Transmitting Jury. The other members of the Jury shall be selected as described in Appendix C, from the representatives of several countries. They shall be drawn from not less than four Member Societies and more if possible. The names of the members of the International Jury shall be announced before the commencement of the Championships.
B3.3. International Class Referees who are non-competing members of national teams (and had not been appointed earlier by WG) may be invited to serve as full members of the International Jury. Team leaders and trainers who are not members of the International Jury may take part in Jury meetings, but will have no voting rights.
B3.4. The International Jury shall meet on the day prior to the commencement of the Championships to approve the final programme and technical details of the Championships.
B3.5. At the end of each day of the Championships, the International Jury shall meet to discuss and approve the results of that day.
B3.6. In cases of dispute which cannot be resolved by reference to the Rules, the Jury shall reach a decision by means of a vote. In the event of a tie, the Chairman of the Jury shall have a casting vote.
B3.7. Decisions of the International Jury are final, and may not be appealed against.
B3.8. During all events in the Championships, all Jury members shall wear clearly visible badges marked "JURY".
C1. IARU HST Championships shall comprise seven tests as follows:
a) Reception of 5-letter groups for a period of ONE MINUTE, with an initial speed of 100 marks (letters) per minute using the PARIS system (80 PARIS for G and H categories).
b) Reception of 5-figure groups for a period of ONE MINUTE, with an initial speed of 150 marks (figures) per minute using the PARIS system (120 PARIS for G and H categories).
c) Reception of 5-character mixed text groups for a period of ONE MINUTE, with an initial speed of 100 marks (characters) per minute using the PARIS system (80 PARIS for G and H categories).
d) Transmission of 5-letter groups for a period of ONE MINUTE, with the highest possible speed, and best possible accuracy, using the PARIS system.
e) Transmission of 5-figure groups for a period of ONE MINUTE, with the highest possible speed, and best possible accuracy, using the PARIS system.
f) Transmission of 5-character mixed text groups for a period of ONE MINUTE, with the highest possible speed, and best possible accuracy, using the PARIS system.
g) The Radio amateur Practising Tests
A competition using the RUFZ 'radio amateur callsign receiving program' compiled by DL4MM and the PED 'pile up trainer program' compiled by JE3MAS.
D1. Rules for Competition Tests
D1.1. Receiving Tests
D1.1.1. Competitors may record texts received by hand or by use of a laptop. The letter texts will be formed from the 26 Latin letters. The figure groups will be formed from the 10 Arabic numerals. Mixed text groups, in addition to the above letters and numerals will include the following punctuation marks: ., ? /=
Identical characters next to each other will not be sent more than twice, e.g.,
D1.1.2. In normal circumstances, competitors may attempt each test only once. Exceptionally, an additional attempt may be allowed in the case of:
a) AC mains failure
b) Malfunction of test transmitting equipment.
D1.1.3. Texts will be transmitted at increasing speeds until the last remaining competitor is unable to receive the transmitted message. The speed will be increased in increments of TEN marks per minute. The speed of the transmission shall be defined by the PARIS system.
D1.1.4. The frequency of the audio signal shall be within the range 700-900 Hz. Headphones with adjustable volume control shall be provided for competitors by the Organising Society. Competitors may use their own headphones, if they wish, regarding the type given by the Organising Society (B2.6/d)
D1.1.5. During receiving tests, all contestants shall start with the lowest speed as defined in C1 a), b) and e). When the speed becomes too high for a competitor, he/she shall remain quietly at his/her place in the test room until all other contestants have finished the test also, or until a referee makes some other decision.
D1.1.6. The sub-division of competitors into several groups according to their known skill levels (or other circumstances) may be allowed for the purpose of placing them in separate rooms. Competitors are allowed to use their own laptops for receiving but typewriters are not allowed to use.
D1.1.7. The Competition shall start with the reception of letter groups, followed by figure groups, then mixed text groups.
D1.1.8. Competitors may use any symbols (shorthand, etc), written by hand, to record the signals received, and may use their own paper for this purpose. When the test is finished, the messages received must be re-written on an official form provided by the referee. Re-written messages must be written in Latin capital block letters in ink and the forms must be handed to the referee together with the original papers used for reception of the messages. After the competition the competitors may get back their original papers.
D1.1.9. When the messages received have been written by hand, a period of THIRTY MINUTES shall be allowed after each test for competitors to re-write THREE SELECTED MESSAGES received in that test. The text shall be re-written with FIVE GROUPS on each line. ONE MESSAGE only, giving the best score, shall be counted for the contest.
D1.1.10. For those competitors who receive with laptop shall have the same circumstances than the others to re-write their messages.
D1.1.11. Messages sent in a receiving test at a particular speed shall have the following procedural signals:
a) 5-Letter Groups
OOOOO (Oscar), the transmission speed, VVV =
b) 5-Figure Groups
00000 (Zero), the transmission speed, VVV =
(Note: figure 0 (Zero) shall be sent as FIVE DASHES)
c) 5-character mixed Groups
00000 (Zero), the transmission speed, VVV =
All messages sent in a receiving test shall conclude with AR.
00000 100 VVV = TEXT OF MESSAGE AR
30 SECONDS BREAK
00000 110 VVV = TEXT OF MESSAGE AR
30 SECONDS BREAK
00000 120 VVV = TEXT OF MESSAGE AR
D1.1.12. A practice (familiarisation) message shall be sent ONCE, before the first competition message is sent.
D1.1.13. Messages received shall be scored if the number of errors does not exceed FIVE. The following are classified as receiving errors:
a) Incorrect recording of a mark (character) sent. (Wrong mark.)
b) Failure to record a mark sent. (Missed mark.) There is no need to indicate the position of the omitted mark.
c) Recording a mark not sent. (Additional mark.)
d) Recording in wrong order two characters sent. (Inversion of adjacent marks.)
e) Recording of a non-conventional sign, symbol or illegible mark.
Message Sent: 12345 67890 34789 25371 ...
Message Recorded: 12245 678390 37489 531 ...
Errors: Group 1 - one error, see a) above.
Group 2 - one error, see c) above.
Group 3 - two errors, see d) above.
Group 4 - two errors, see b) above.
D1.1.14. Scoring shall be as follows:
a) In each of the Receiving Tests (Letters, Figures, and Mixed Text), a score of 100 points shall be awarded to the competitor who receives the (classified) message sent at the highest speed in his-her category. Competitors in the same category who receive the message at a lower speed shall be scored proportionately as explained in the following example.
If the highest speed in a receiving test is 260 marks per minute, 100 points are awarded. If another competitor in the same category receives a message at a speed of 210 marks per minute, his/her score would be 210/260x100 = 80.8 points, calculated to the nearest one tenth of a point.
b) One point for each receiving error, as defined in D1.1.13 above, shall be deducted from the score as calculated in D1.1.14/a to give the FINAL SCORE.
D1.1.15. When the final scores of all three receiving tests are totalled to determine the relative places of the competitors, and this results in the score of two or more competitors in one category being equal, their relative places in the table of results are determined by their scores in the reception of MIXED TEXT MESSAGES.
D1.2. Transmitting Tests
D1.2.1. Competitors may use either straight or electronic keys (single or double paddle) for the transmitting tests. They may use a straight key for one or more of the three tests, and an electronic key for the remainder if they wish. Electronic keys must have a dot to dash ratio of 1:3.
D1.2.2. The messages for transmission shall be comprised of 50 groups of 5 characters for each test (i.e., letter groups, figure groups and mixed text groups).
D1.2.3. The text of a message provided to competitors for transmission shall be printed in Latin capital letters and/or Arabic numerals. There shall be five groups to a line. Every transmitting text must be well readable and the 'zero' characters shall be signed with slash ( ø ) at mixed text.
EXAMPLE MESSAGE FOR TRANSMITTING TEST:
A B V G D F Y V A K N G Q Z H I M S T L J N U C E
A D R G O M A K U V T L Q N Y J O A I Z U Z G I T
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ø 6 1 3 6 ø 7 6 3 2 9 7 3 6 5 2
2 3 4 8 9 8 3 6 4 1 7 8 ø 3 2 2 3 7 2 5 8 9 3 4 5
D X ? / 1 H G 4 B / X . 6 B = ? = M B G 4 3 A / =
, 7 L . 8 Z ? 4 3 Q O ø L / . A , = X 3 D F 4 8 /
D1.2.4. THREE MESSAGES (one comprising letter groups, one figure groups, and one mixed text) shall be given to competitors at arriving day of the competition. The texts shall be generated from computer at presence of Jury Members from at least 3 different countries. The same messages shall be given to all competitors.
D1.2.5. Competitors are allowed a period of TEN MINUTES in which to send the three messages provided. This period commences at the time the competitor enters the test room. The transmission period for each test shall be ONE MINUTE commencing with a signal from the referee.
If a competitor called by the referee fails to appear in the test room, he/she shall be called again in THIRTY SECONDS, and after a further period of THIRTY SECONDS the timing of the TEN MINUTE period shall begin.
A competitor may begin transmitting at any time within the TEN MINUTE period, but at the end of that period transmitting must stop, and NO POINTS will be awarded for an unfinished message.
D1.2.6. After a competitor has connected his/her key to the test apparatus, no further assistance is allowed and the trainer has to leave the transmitting room (if he/she was there).
D1.2.7. Each message can only be sent once.
D1.2.8. PRIOR to the transmission of a message in the transmitting test, a competitor shall transmit his/her starting number, VVV and =.
EXAMPLE: 12 VVV = TEXT OF MESSAGE
The timing of the message shall begin after transmission of the break signal (=). After ONE MINUTE, the technical referee shall stop the transmission. Jury controls transmission messages of a competitor from the series VVV and break signal.
D1.2.9. Transmitted messages shall be scored up to the one minute or up to the time the number of uncorrected errors exceeds THREE or the number of corrected errors exceeds TEN (see Appendix A). The following are classified as transmitting errors:
a) Transmission of a mark (character) not in the text provided for transmission.
b) Omission of a mark which is in the text.
c) Transmitting two characters in wrong order. (Inversion of adjacent marks.)
d) Transmission of an error sign incorrectly.
To correct an error, a competitor shall transmit the ERROR SIGNAL, i.e., a series of not less than six dots, and then retransmit the entire group in which the error has occurred. If a competitor transmits the same group or line twice by mistake, these counts as error and the 'time appraisal counting' shall come into force.
D1.2.10. During the transmitting tests, referees and competitors are placed in separate rooms. The technical referee, who supervises and/or assists competitors to connect their keys to the transmitting apparatus, and controls the timing of each test, shall remain in the room with the competitors. All tests transmitted shall be recorded for checking purposes. Competitors who belong to the same category shall transmit at the same jury. The transmitting of competitors can be monitored outside the transmitting room so that the other competitors/audience can follow the transmitting tests.
D1.2.11. A Jury of three INTERNATIONAL CLASS REFEREES shall determine separately the number of transmitted marks the number of errors/corrections and the multiplier of messages. The awarded multiplier shall be the arithmetical mean of the three scores.
The referee who registers the score shall be nominated as the leader of the referees.
D1.2.12. Scoring shall be as follows:
In each of the Transmitting Tests (Letters, Figures, and Mixed Text), a score of 100 points shall be awarded to the competitor who transmits the message at the highest speed in his /her category. Competitors in the same category who transmit the message at a lower speed shall be scored proportionately as explained in the following example.
If the highest speed in a transmitting test is 230 marks per minute, 100 points are awarded. If another competitor in the category transmits a message at a speed of 180 marks per minute, his/her score would be 180/230x100 = 78.3 points, calculated to
the nearest one tenth of a point.
The calculated speed scores shall then be modified by a multiplier based on the number of uncorrected errors and the number of corrected errors (and considering the uneven keying) as defined in the Appendix B.
One uncorrected error and three corrected errors = a multiplier of 0.92 (supposing there is no deduction for uneven keying). If the competitor above has one uncorrected error and three corrected errors, his/her final score will be 78.3 x 0.92 =72.03 (=72) points. The second decimals of 1,2,3,4, should be rounded down and the 5,6,7,8,9 up.
e.g. 8.74 will be 8.7 and 8.75 will be 8.8.
D1.2.13. When the final scores of all three transmitting tests are totalled to determine the relative places of the competitors, and these results in the score of two or more competitors in one category being equal, their relative places in the table of results are determined by their scores in the transmission of MIXED TEXT MESSAGES.
D1.3. Radio amateur Practising Tests
a) Amateur Radio Callsign Receiving Test
This test is taken on IBM compatible computers in the presence of two Jury Member who are from different countries. The keyboard must be fit to the US standard (QWERTY)
- 9 -The computer should be set by referees as following: RUFZ –HST –NOCHECK
Competitors make two attempts to receive 50 callsigns generated by the program and the best attempt shall be taken as the competitor’s entry. Competitors will not compete under their own callsign but under their identification number of the competition.
The competitor has the right to choose the starting speed before he/she begins the test. The competitor with the best results in the Callsign Receiving Test is awarded a score of 100 points. Other competitors are scored proportionately as in the following example.
The best score in the test is 31,225, for which the competitor is awarded 100 points. Another competitor, scoring 30,110 is awarded 96.4 points calculated as: 30,110/31,225x100 = 96.4, calculated to the nearest one tenth of a point.
b) The Pile up Trainer Test
This is taken on IBM compatible computers in the presence of two Jury Members who are from different countries. The keyboard must be fit to the US standard (QWERTY). Competitors are allowed two attempts and the best attempt shall be taken as the competitor's entry. Competitors make as many contacts as possible in a period of 5 minutes.
The menu of the program shall be set as follows:
The program shall be used with CQ WW.ped file
The mean menu shall be set as follows:
2. competition - custom
A mode - DXpedition
B time limit - 5 min
C callsign - identification number of competitor
D number - optional
E randomise - shuffle
F autolog - on
the sub menu:
keyer - on
delay - 418ms
bandwidth - 4KHz
volume - max
noise, QSB, broken CW, trans, FSK - all off
number of stations - 4
All features must be set/checked in PED.cfg file by the jury before the competition. When the program has started the competitor may adjust the speed of receiving/ transmitting by using the ALT+F9/ALT+F10 keys. The received tone can be adjusted by the Pg up/down keys.
The jury has the right to modify the settings of the menu, but any changes made must be consistent for all entrants in a particular category.
The competitor with the highest number of PED points is awarded of 100 points and the other entrants are scored proportionately lower.
Example: The best competitor makes 2400 PED points and will get 100 points. Another one makes 2170PED points, he/she will get 2170/2400x100 =90.4, calculated to the nearest one tenth of a point.
The sum of points obtained in the two tests gives the score for Radio Amateur Practising Test. If two or more competitors obtain the same score, their relative places shall be determined by the best result(s) of their lesser scoring attempt(s).
E1. Individual Awards
The title of "Individual Champion" in any of the six categories will be awarded separately for three tests (a, b, c) and for total score (total 4 medals) to the competitor with the top score, calculated as follows:
a) Receiving Tests - the sum of the scores gained in the three receiving tests.
b) Transmitting Tests - the sum of the scores gained in the three transmitting tests.
c) The Radio amateur Practising Test - the sum of the scores gained in the two tests.
d) Total score - the sum of the three scores a), b), and c) above.
If, when the total scores are calculated as above, the scores for two or more competitors are found to be equal, their relative places are determined by their scores in the TRANSMITTING TESTS.
E2. Team Awards
The score for a particular team, to determine its place in the championships, is calculated as the sum of the points earned by a maximum of EIGHT TEAM MEMBERS, one from each of the following categories:
"A" Junior Females
"B" Junior Males
"E" Senior Females
"F" Senior Males
"G" Youngster Females
"H" Youngster Males
The team with the highest number of points shall take first place in the championships. Where a team has two competitors in one category, the total points of the competitor with the highest score shall be counted for the team total. Regardless of the number of team members their score shall be calculated for team championship.
If, when the total team scores are calculated as above, the scores for two or more teams are found to be equal, the highest place is taken by the team with the LOWEST SUM OF PLACES gained by its individual members.
E3. Titles and Prizes
E3.1. Competitors gaining first places in their categories, as defined by paragraph E1 of these Rules, shall win the title of WORLD CHAMPION or EUROPEAN CHAMPION as appropriate (see paragraph B2.11), and shall be awarded Gold Medals and Certificates.
E3.2. Competitors gaining second and third places in their categories, as calculated in paragraph E.1 of these Rules, shall be awarded Silver and Bronze Medals respectively, together with Certificates. Competitors gaining 4th, 5th and 6th places shall be awarded Certificates.
E3.3. All prizes (Medals, Cups and Certificates) described in these Rules shall be provided by the Organising Society.
E3.4. The National Team gaining first place, as defined in paragraph E2 of these Rules, shall win the title of WORLD TEAM CHAMPION or REGIONAL TEAM CHAMPION, as appropriate (see paragraph B2.11). The team shall be awarded a Cup and a Certificate, and all members of the team (max 16 persons) shall be awarded Gold Medals and Certificates.
E3.5. National Teams gaining second and third places, as defined in paragraph E2, shall be awarded Certificates. All members of the teams shall be awarded Silver and Bronze Medals respectively, together with Certificates. National Teams gaining 4th, 5th, and 6th places shall be awarded Certificates.
E3.6. The Organising Committee will notify unofficial results of the Championships to team leaders who will be allowed one hour to check and approve them before they are officially published.
F1. All matters relating to IARU High Speed Telegraphy Competitions and Championships not covered or specified in these Rules shall be referred to and considered by the appropriate Regional HST Working Group. Whilst HST Championships are taking place, such matters shall also be referred to and considered by the International Jury of the Championships.
F2. Changes in these Rules can be made only by an IARU Regional Conference or, in the period between conferences, by the IARU Regional Executive Committee
A. TIME RATE SCORE APPRAISAL FOR TRANSMITTING TESTS
When competitors exceed the permitted number of three uncorrected errors or ten corrected errors, their transmitted messages shall be scored only up to the point where the fourth uncorrected error or eleventh correction occurs.
A competitor transmits the message at a speed of 210 marks per minute, but makes his fourth uncorrected error in the 47th second, having at the same time seven corrected errors. Up to the 47th second he had transmitted 170 marks, so his speed is determined as 170 marks per minute with 3 uncorrected errors and seven corrected errors. The numbers of errors (uncorrected and corrected) result in a multiplier of 0.78 as defined in the table below (supposing no deduction for uneven keying).
B. MULTIPLIERS OF TRANSMITTING
The highest possible multiplier is 1.00.
Errors in transmission shall result in the following deduction increments:
- 0.05 for each error (maximum 3 × 0.05 = 0.15)
- 0.01 for each correction (maximum 10 × 0.01 = 0.1)
- 0.01 to 0.1 in 0.01 steps for uneven keying and spacing
This produces a maximum penalty of 0.35 (0.15 + 0.1 + 0.1).
i.e. a multiplier ranging from 0.65 to 1.00.
C. THE INTERNATIONAL REFEREES
Each Society is authorized to appoint a candidate or candidates to be International Class Referee. The conditions for this are the follows:
The candidate is able to get over 35.000 points in the RUFZ program or receiving the numbers over the speed of 300 PARIS and knows thoroughly the Rules.
An International Class Referee shall be appointed by the HST WG.
Each society has the possibility to delegate other members to the International Jury, where the only requirement is to know the Rules.
These members will be selected the day prior to the competition with the contribution of the Chairman of the Jury the HST WG and the Organising Society.